The transcription of the Georgian letter is x.
'ხ' is pronounced almost like Spanish [j] as in Juan, but with more guttural force and aspiration in it.

Recordings:
 



ხელი
სახე
სახელო
ხუთი
ხმა
ეხმარება
xeli
saxe
saxelo
xuti
xma
exmareba
hand
face
sleeve
five
voice
helps


ხარი ბალახს ძოვს.
xar-i balax-s dzovs
[bull-NOM grass-DAT grazes / is grazing]
A bull is grazing.

Click here to listen:
x_f.mp3 Speaker 1
x_m.mp3 Speaker 2

The consonant 'ხ' is pronounced in the uvular area. The back part of the tongue is held near the end of the soft palate. The air passing through the vocal cords drawn close together and then through the above mentioned narrow passage produces the sound .


The letter written or typed in this way is called xani.

It is traced out with one movement of the hand and is written between the three upper lines: movement of the hand begins at the upper line, goes downwards vertically and ends by drawing a full circle from left to right between the upper and lower middle lines.

Back to the Georgian alphabet


Manana Kock Kobaidze & Karina Vamling
Malmoe University